Are There Different Types of Elevator? Elevators, which were previously restricted to offices, commercial buildings and tall buildings and skyscrapers are now becoming popular in homes also. There are obviously some unmistakable benefits of using elevators in home.
It adds a lot of comfort and convenience, especially if you have seniors in your home or people with some physical challenges. However, the practice of installing elevators in homes is not too old. It is just around two decades old.
Hence, it would not be wrong to mention here that the elevator in homes is still in its evolution stage. People are learning from mistakes and experiences. Therefore, not all domestic consumers and prospective customers have the right knowledge about elevators.
If you are planning to install an elevator in your home, you must learn a few things. To begin with, you must have some reasonably good information about the types of elevator. Only then will you be able to decide as to which option is best suited for your home.
We will spend some time looking at the three main types of elevators. These three types are broad categories and under these categories you could have many variants.
The three major types of elevators are hydraulic elevators, traction elevators (geared & gearless) and Machine Room elevators. Let us briefly look at each one of them so that the readers are able to get some basic information.
Hydraulic elevators are quite popular because of their simple technology and ease of operation. They come with a piston support at the bottom. This helps to push the elevator up.
This upward motion is enabled with the help of an electric motor which fills hydraulic fluid inside the piston. The upward movement happens as the fluid is slowly released from the piston with the help of a valve.
Hydraulic elevators are considered suitable for low rise buildings and can cater to buildings that have a maximum of 8 floors. They also can work well in small homes with two floors and therefore they are commonly sought after by domestic customers.
They have a capability of travelling 200 feet per minute. However, you need to have a machine room for hydraulic motor driven elevators. They can be bought with a low initial investment and the ongoing maintenance costs are also not very high when compared to other types of elevators.
They are not very energy efficient. Oil leakage can happen and this could be an environmental as well as safety risk.
Geared and Gearless elevators with a traction system also need a machine room. They have a unique lifting mechanism that makes use of ropes. The ropes pass over wheels that are attached to an electric motor in the machine room.
They may not be suited for homes unless there are many floors. They are more suited for mid as well as high rise buildings. Their speed is almost the same as hydraulic elevators at around 200 feet per minute.
It also comes with a counter weight technology that balances the weight of the elevator car and the occupants.
When they come with a gear attached to the motor, they are referred to as geared elevators. They are faster and can climb up to 500 feet per minute. They can cover an upward distance of around 250 feet. They are reasonably good as far as energy efficiency is concerned.
These are again traction elevators but they operate without a machine room above the shaft. The machine for this purpose is kept in the override space. This can be reached from the elevator cabins in case of maintenance and repair.
They are quite fast and can climb around 500 feet per minute. They can reach a maximum distance of 250 feet. They are easy to install and maintenance costs are also not very high. They are perhaps the most economical as far as energy consumption is concerned.
They are now being used in individual homes because of their reliability, good looks, operational convenience and excellent energy efficiency.
Apart from the above pneumatic vacuum elevators are commonly used in homes. They operate making use of air power and they can be installed in spaces that are small and compact. They are extremely safe and energy-efficient.
They are not very expensive and therefore many believe that it could be the most commonly used elevators in homes in a few years and decades.
The above, we are sure would have given the readers the right information and knowledge about the different types of elevators. You must, as a domestic customer, make the right choice taking into account the height for which you need to operate these elevators, the size, carrying capacity, speed, need for machine room, etc.